ISSN 1300-1868
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION

Erdoğan KOTİL, Mehmet ERYİĞİT, Fatih KONUR.

Abstract
In this study, short term predictions was made by using data on CO2 emissions (1968-2003) caused by Turkey and European Union to get one unit of outcome. Grey model was used in order to make a prediction of CO2 for a four year period. The aim of Grey model is to make contingency analysis, predictions and a decision when there is uncertainty and lack of knowledge. The findings of the analysis results in the relationship between emissions and growth in Turkey and the European Union during the last 35 years is seen as a development contrary. Turkey's income in the period 1968-2003 increased approximately 300 percent. Emission values rose 50 percent for each product value and reached 1.045. European Union’s income increased 157 percent. Emission values decreased 50 percent for each product value and fell to 0.3949.

Key words: Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emission, (CO2/GDP), GDP, Grey Model



TÜRKİYE VE AVRUPA BİRLİĞİ’NDE CO2 EMİSYONU VE GELİR İLİŞKİSİ

Ozet
Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye ve Avrupa Birliği’nin bir birim GDP elde edebilmesi için ortaya çıkardıkları CO2 emisyon verilerini kullanarak (1968-2003) kısa dönem tahminlerini elde etmektir. Dört yıllık bir dönem için CO2 tahmini yapabilmek amacıyla Grey Model kullanılmıştır. Grey Model, belirsizlik ve bilgi yetersizliğinin bulunduğu ortamlarda, durumsal analiz, tahmin yapmak, karar vermek ve sistemi anlamak üzere kurulmuştur. Analiz sonucunda elde edilen bulgularda emisyon ve büyüme ilişkisi açısından Türkiye ve Avrupa Birliği’nde son 35 yıllık dönemde iki bölge arasında tersine bir gelişme olduğu görülmektedir. 1968-2003 döneminde Türkiye’de gelirde yaklaşık %300’lük artış olurken, birim hasıla için emisyon değeri de %50 yükselerek 1.045’e ulaşmıştır. Avrupa Birliği’nde ise, gelirde %157 artış olurken, birim hasıla için emisyon değeri %50’lik bir azalmayla 0.3949’e düşmüştür.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Karbondioksit (CO2) Emisyonu, (CO2/GSYİH), GSYİH, Grey Modeli


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Erdoğan KOTİL
Articles by Mehmet ERYİĞİT
Articles by Fatih KONUR
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2688
Downloaded: 442
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
Chang, T. C., ve LÝN, S. J. (1999), “Grey Relation Analysis of Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Industrial Production And Energy Uses In Taiwan”, Journal of Environmental Management, 56, 247–257.
COONDO, Dipankor ve DINDA, Soumyananda (2002), “Causality Between Income And Emission: A Country Group-Specific Econometric Analysis” Ecological Economics, 40.
DENG, Julong (1982), “Control Problem of Grey System” System and Control Letters, 5, 288-294.
DENG, Julong (1989).“Introduction to Grey System Theory”, The Journal of Grey System, 1, 1-24.
DOÐAN, Seyhun (2005), “Türkiye’nin Küresel Ýklim Deðiþiminde Rolu ve Önleyici Küresel Çabaya Katýlým Giriþimleri” C. U. Ýktisadi ve Ýdari Bilimler Dergisi, Cilt:6, Sayý:2, 57-73.
GROSSMAN, Gene. M., ve KRUGER, Alan B. (1991), Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 3914, NBER, Cambridge MA.
GROSSMAN, Gene. M., ve KRUGER, Alan B. (1995), “Economic Growth and The Environment” Quarterly Journal of Economics,110, 353-378.
HETTIGE, Hemamala, HUQ., Mainul, PARGAL, Sheoli, WHEELER David (1996), “Determinants of Pollution Abatement In Developing Countries: Evidence From South And Southeast Asia” World Development, 24, 1891-1904.
HU, Wenbin ve YANG, Changzhi (2000), “Grey Model of Direct Solar Radiation Intensity On The Horizontal Plane For Cooling Loads Calculation” Building and Environment35, 587–593.
LÝANG, Ruey-Hsun (1999), “Application of Grey Relation Analysis to Hydroelectric Generation Scheduling”, Electrical Power and Energy Systems21, 357–364.
LÝN, Chan-ben., SU, Shun-feng, HSU, Yen-tseng (2001), “High-precision forecast using grey models’’, International Journal of Systems Science, 32, 2001, 609-617. [DOI via Crossref]   
LÝN, Yi, CHEN, Mian-yun, LÝU, Sifeng (2004), “Theory of grey systems: capturing uncertainities of grey information.” Kybernetes, 33, 196-218.
Morýta, H., Kase, T., Tamura, Y., Iwamoto, S., (1996), “Interval Prediction of Annual Maximum Demand Using Grey Dynamic Model”, Electrical Power and Energy Systems18, 409–413.
PANAYOTOU, Theodore (1993), Empirical Tests and Policy Analysis of Environmental Degradation at Different Stages of Economic Development. Working Paper WP238, Technology and Employment Programme, International Labour Office, Geneva.
SELDEN, Thomas M.ve SONG, Daqing (1994), “Environmental Quality and Development: Is There A Kuznets Curve For Air Pollution Emissions?” Journal of Environmental Economics Management, 27, 147-162.
SHAFIK, Nemat (1994), “Economic Development and Environmental Quality: An Econometric Analysis” Oxford Economic Papers, 49, 757-773.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR. [CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2009; 20(73): 55-67. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696


Web Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR. [CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=156105 [Access: December 10, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR. [CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2009; 20(73): 55-67. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR. [CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2009), [cited December 10, 2018]; 20(73): 55-67. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696



Harvard Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR (2009) [CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 20 (73), 55-67. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696



Turabian Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR. 2009. [CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 20 (73), 55-67. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696



Chicago Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR. "[CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 20 (2009), 55-67. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR. "[CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 20.73 (2009), 55-67. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Erdogan KOTIL, Mehmet ERYIGIT, Fatih KONUR (2009) [CO2 EMISSIONS AND GDP RELATIONSHIPS IN TURKEY AND EUROPEAN UNION]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 20 (73), 55-67. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10696





Most Viewed Articles
  • Ulusların Düşüşü - Güç, Zenginlik ve Yoksulluğun Kökenleri
    Why Nations Fail - The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty [Turkish]
    Gönül DİNÇER
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 65-76
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35517

  • DOSTOYEVSKİ'NİN İKTİSADİ YAKLAŞIMI VE İKTİSADİ AKLIN ELEŞTİRİSİ
    Dostoevsky’s Approach to Economics and Critique of the Economic Man [Turkish]
    Ceyhun GÜRKAN, Mustafa ÖZİŞ
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 99-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20004

  • BÜTÇE AÇIKLARININ CARİ İŞLEMLER DENGESİ ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ: İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİNİN TÜRKİYE AÇISINDAN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ
    Effects of Budget Deficit on Current Account Balance: Analysis of Twin Deficits Hypothesis in Case of Turkey [Turkish]
    Metin BAYRAK; Ömer ESEN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 23-49
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20001

  • TÜRKİYE'DE KAMU SEKTÖRÜ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE EKONOMİK BÜYÜME İLİŞKİSİNİN AMPİRİK ANALİZİ
    An Empirical Analysis on the Relationship between Public Sector Size and Economic Growth in Turkey [Turkish]
    Ömer Faruk ALTUNÇ, Celil AYDIN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 79-98
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20003

  • TÜRKİYE’DE 1994, 2001 VE 2008-9 EKONOMİK KRİZLERİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ANALİZİ
    ECONOMIC CRISES IN TURKEY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FAILURES IN 1994, 2001 AND 2008-9 [Turkish]
    Oktar TÜREL
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(75): 27-75
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10704

  • BÜYÜME: NEYİN BÜYÜMESİ? İktisadi Büyümeye İlişkin Eleştirel Bir Değerlendirme
    GROWTH? GROWTH OF WHAT? A Critical Assesment of Economic Growth [Turkish]
    Mustafa DURMUŞ
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(83): 37-68
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.34097

  • TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİ İÇİN NAIRU TAHMİNİ
    NAIRU Estimation for the Turkish Economy [Turkish]
    Özlem YİĞİT; Atilla GÖKÇE
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(83): 69-91
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.34098

  • İLERİYE DÖNÜK YENİ KEYNESYEN PARA POLİTİKASI REAKSİYON FONKSİYONUNUN TAHMİNİ: TAYLOR KURALI’NIN, MCCALLUM KURALI’NIN, TAYLOR-MCCALLUM MELEZ KURALI’NIN TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİNDE GEÇERLİLİĞİ
    Estimation of New Keynesian Monetary Policy Reaction Function: Availability of Taylor Rule, McCallum Rule and Hybrid Taylor-McCallum Rule in Turkish Economy [Turkish]
    Hakan Naim ARDOR, Serdar VARLIK
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(89): 45-71
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35302

  • Orta Gelir Tuzağından Çıkış
    Rise from Middle Income Trap [Turkish]
    Yusuf Kurtoğlu
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(90): 71-90
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35313

  • KÜRESEL GIDA KRİZİ: ÜÇÜNCÜ GIDA REJİMİ, KÜRESEL SERMAYE VE GELİŞMEKTE OLAN ÜLKELER
    Global Food Crisis: The Third Food Regime, Global Capital and The Developing Countries [Turkish]
    Sibel ÇAŞKURLU
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(Special): 161-194
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20011

  • Most Downloaded
  • Küresel Dengesizlikler ve Kriz Tartışması Işığında Cari Denge ve Sermaye Hesabını Anlamak
    Understanding Developments in Current Accounts and Financial Flows in Light of Discussions on Global Imbalances and Recent Crises [Turkish]
    Hasan Cömert, Güney Düzçay
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2015; 26(96): 59-90
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35901

  • Ulusların Düşüşü - Güç, Zenginlik ve Yoksulluğun Kökenleri
    Why Nations Fail - The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty [Turkish]
    Gönül DİNÇER
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 65-76
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35517

  • DIŞ TİCARET KURAMINDA ÇEKİM MODELİ
    The Gravity Model in International Trade Theory [Turkish]
    Gönül DİNÇER
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(88): 1-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35200

  • XVII. YÜZYILDA OSMANLILAR VE MERKANTİLİSTLER
    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title:XVII. YÜZYILDA OSMANLILAR VE MERKANTİLİSTLER] [Turkish]
    Mehmet BULUT
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2000; 11(39): 23-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10334

  • Tarihsel Dönüşüm Sorunu
    English Title Not Available [Turkish title: Tarihsel Dönüşüm Sorunu] [Turkish]
    Aziz KONUKMAN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1980; 1(2): 136-147
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10017

  • 1971 SONRASINDA TÜRKİYE’DE İZLENEN DÖVİZ KURU POLİTİKASI
    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title: 1971 SONRASINDA TÜRKİYE’DE İZLENEN DÖVİZ KURU POLİTİKASI] [Turkish]
    Nahit TÖRE
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1981; 2(4): 1-25
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10029

  • İLERİYE DÖNÜK YENİ KEYNESYEN PARA POLİTİKASI REAKSİYON FONKSİYONUNUN TAHMİNİ: TAYLOR KURALI’NIN, MCCALLUM KURALI’NIN, TAYLOR-MCCALLUM MELEZ KURALI’NIN TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİNDE GEÇERLİLİĞİ
    Estimation of New Keynesian Monetary Policy Reaction Function: Availability of Taylor Rule, McCallum Rule and Hybrid Taylor-McCallum Rule in Turkish Economy [Turkish]
    Hakan Naim ARDOR, Serdar VARLIK
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(89): 45-71
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35302

  • YENİ DIŞ TİCARET TEORİLERİ
    The New Trade Theories [Turkish]
    Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1996; 7(21): 71-99
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10230

  • HİTİT KANUNLARINDA HAYVANLARLA İLGİLİ MADDELER ÜZERİNE BİR DEĞERLENDİRME
    An Assessment of Articles on Animals in the Hittite Laws [Turkish]
    Özlem Sir GAVAZ
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(83): 93-106
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.34099

  • TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİNDE BEYAZ EŞYA SEKTÖRÜNÜN ÖNEMİ
    Importance of the White Goods Sector in the Turkish Economy [Turkish]
    Mehmet ÖZKUL
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2011; 22(78): 119-136
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20034

  • Most Cited Articles
  • TÜRKİYE’DE BİREYSEL EMEKLİK SİSTEMİ’NDEKİ CİNSİYET FARKLILIKLARININ ANALİZİ
    An Analysis of Gender Gaps in the Private Pension Scheme in Turkey [English]
    S. Cihan BOZKUŞ, Adem Y. ELVEREN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2008; 19(69): 89-106
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10677
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • [Türkçe Başlık Yok]
    TOURISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN TURKEY [English]
    Jülide Yıldırım Öcal, Nadir Öcal
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2004; 15(52-53): 131-141
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10503
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • EV SAHiBi ÜLKE AÇISINDAN YABANCI SERMAYE YATIRIMLARINI ETKİLEYEN FAKTÖRLER VE TÜRKİYE ÜZERİNE BİR UYGULAMA
    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title: EV SAHiBi ÜLKE AÇISINDAN YABANCI SERMAYE YATIRIMLARINI ETKİLEYEN FAKTÖRLER VE TÜRKİYE ÜZERİNE BİR UYGULAMA] [Turkish]
    Filiz Elmas ÖZAĞ
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1994; 5(12): 63-77
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10174
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Türkiye’de Bireysel Emeklilik Sistemi: Toplumsal Cinsiyetçi Bir Yaklaşım
    THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE [English]
    Şule ŞAHİN, Helga RITTERSBERGER-TILIÇ, Adem Yavuz ELVEREN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(77): 115-142
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20039
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • GCC PETRODOLAR FAZLALIĞI VE ABD CARİ AÇIK DENGESİZLİĞİ
    GCC PETRODOLLAR SURPLUSES AND THE US CURRENT ACCOUNT IMBALANCE [English]
    Shawkat HAMMOUDEH, Ramazan SARI, Eisa ALESIA
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2009; 20(73): 39-54
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10695
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİ (TÜRKİYE UYGULAMASI)
    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title:İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİ (TÜRKİYE UYGULAMASI)] [Turkish]
    Ahmet ZENGİN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2000; 11(39): 37-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10335
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • İstihdam, İktisadi Büyüme ve İşgücü Piyasası Performansı: Türkiye Örneği
    EMPLOYMENT, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE: THE CASE OF TURKEY [English]
    Alparslan AKÇORAOĞLU
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(77): 101-114
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Türkiye'de Bölgesel Ekonomik Aktivite: Yeni Ekonomik Coğrafya Yaklaşımı
    Regional Economic Activity in Turkey: A New Economic Geography Approach [English]
    Mehmet Burak TURGUT
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 39-63
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35516
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • BÜTÇE AÇIKLARININ CARİ İŞLEMLER DENGESİ ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ: İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİNİN TÜRKİYE AÇISINDAN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ
    Effects of Budget Deficit on Current Account Balance: Analysis of Twin Deficits Hypothesis in Case of Turkey [Turkish]
    Metin BAYRAK; Ömer ESEN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2012; 23(82): 23-49
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20001
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • İhracatta Çeşitlenme: Türkiye’nin Yoğun ve Yaygın Marjları
    EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION AND COMPETITIVENESS: INTENSIVE AND EXTENSIVE MARGINS OF TURKEY [English]
    Seda EKMEN, Güzin ERLAT
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(88): 35-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35201
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]