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Original Article Open Access


The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey

Serdar Acun, Bayram Gne.

Abstract
This study analyses how the economic crisis influenced labour market in Turkey. Our primary aim is to examine how the global economic crisis that broke out in 2007 influenced underemployment in Turkey especially between the years 2007 and 2011. After the crisis some structural changes occurred in the Turkish labour market, which showed improvement in some indicators since 2004. We have observed a relatively rapid change especially in indicators of unemployment and atypical employment. In this study we have described the situation of underemployment since the year 2000 before and after the crisis and then we have tried to figure out what determines underemployment, by using a logistic regression model. Logistic regression or the logit model is a non-linear regression model that is designed for two dependent variables. The model uses the micro data sets of the household labour force surveys for the years from 2006 to 2011, prepared by the Turkish Statistical Institute (TK). The study argues that such factors as being male, young, not being a head of the family, having higher education, being divorced, working at home or in a small workplace, working on a wage, working unrecorded, working in rural areas and working in the agricultural sector are elements that increase the probability of underemployment.

Key words: Employment, Crisis, Underemployment, Logistic Regression. JEL CLassification: J21, G01, C35.



Trkiyede 2008 Krizinin Eksik stihdama Etkileri

Özet
Bu almada 2007 ylnda patlak veren kresel ekonomik krizin Trkiyede istihdam piyasasn nasl etkiledii incelenmitir. ncelikli amacmz, bu krizin Trkiyede zellikle 2007-2011 yllar arasnda eksik istihdam nasl etkilediini ortaya koymaktr. 2004 ylndan itibaren baz gstergelerinde iyileme grlen Trkiye istihdam piyasasnda krizin ardndan baz yapsal deiiklikler yaanmtr. zelikle isizlik ve atipik istihdam biimlerine ilikin gstergelerde grece hzl saylabilecek bir deiim gzlemlenmitir. almamzda 2000 ylndan balayarak eksik istihdamn kriz ncesi ve sonrasndaki durumunu betimledikten sonra eksik istihdam nelerin belirledii lojistik regresyon modeli kullanlarak ortaya konmaya allmtr. Lojistik regresyon ya da logit modeli ikili baml deiken iin tasarlanm dorusal olmayan regresyon modelidir. Modelde, 2006-2011 yllar arasnda Trkiye statistik Kurumunun hazrlad hanehalk i gc anketleri mikro veri setleri kullanlmtr. alma sonucunda erkek olmak, gen olmak, aile reisi olmamak, daha ok eitim almak, boanm olmak, evde alyor olmak, kk bir iyerinde almak, cretli almak, kaytsz olmak, krda yaamak, tarm sektrnde almak, ekonominin kriz iinde olduu dnemde bulunmak eksik istihdam edilme olasln artran unsurlar olarak belirlenmitir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: stihdam, Kriz, Eksik stihdam, Lojistik Regresyon. JEL Snflamas: J21, G01, C35.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Acun S, Gunes B. [The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(90): 49-69. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312


Web Style

Acun S, Gunes B. [The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=157237 [Access: January 21, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Acun S, Gunes B. [The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(90): 49-69. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Acun S, Gunes B. [The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2014), [cited January 21, 2018]; 25(90): 49-69. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312



Harvard Style

Acun, S. & Gunes, B. (2014) [The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 49-69. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312



Turabian Style

Acun, Serdar, and Bayram Gunes. 2014. [The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 49-69. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312



Chicago Style

Acun, Serdar, and Bayram Gunes. "[The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25 (2014), 49-69. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Acun, Serdar, and Bayram Gunes. "[The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25.90 (2014), 49-69. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Acun, S. & Gunes, B. (2014) [The Impact of the 2008 Economic Crisis on Underemployment in Turkey]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (90), 49-69. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35312



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