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Original Research (Original Article) 


Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memiş.

Cited by (4)

Abstract
This study presents a new methodology for a two-dimesional poverty measure for Turkey taking into account necessary consumption as well as the required household production neded to achieve a minium living standard. Official poverty lines in Turkey and other countries ignore the fact that unpaid household production contributes to the fulfillment of material needs and wants that are essential to attaining a minimum standard of living. Standard measurements of poverty assume that all households and individuals have enough time to adequately attend to the needs of household members, yet, some households may not have sufficient time, and they thus experience "time deficits." If a household experiencing a time deficit cannot afford to cover it by buying market substitutes (e.g., hiring a care provider), that household will encounter hardships not reflected in the official poverty measures.

Key words: Measurement of poverty, household production. JEL Classification: I32, D24.



Zaman Açığı ve Yoksulluk: Levy Enstitüsü Zaman ve Tüketim Yoksulluğu Ölçümü

Ozet
Bu çalışma Türkiye için, gerekli asgari tüketim düzeyi ve gerekli hane içi üretim zamanını hesaba katan iki boyutlu bir yoksulluk ölçüm yöntemi sunar. Resmi yoksulluk sınırı hesaplamalarında, asgari refah düzeyine erişim için gerekli ihtiyaçların karşılanmasında hane içi üretimin katkısı hesaba katılmaz. Yoksulluğun standart ölçüm yöntemleri zımni olarak tüm hanelerin ve fertlerin, hane içinde karşılanan ihtiyaçları yerine getirmek için gerekli zamana sahip olduğunu varsayar. Ancak pekçok nedenle bazı haneler bu ihtiyaçları karşılayabilecek yeterli zamana sahip olmayabilir ve ‘zaman açıklarıyla’ karşı karşıya kalabilirler. Zaman açığı olan ve piyasadan ikame mal ve hizmetleri satın alarak kapatabilecek güce sahip olmayan hanelerin başetmeleri gereken güçlükler resmi ölçümlere yansımamaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Yoksulluk ölçümü, haneiçi üretim. JEL Sınıflaması: I32, D24.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis. Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(91): 1-28. doi:10.5455/ey.35410


Web Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis. Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=165138 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ey.35410


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis. Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(91): 1-28. doi:10.5455/ey.35410



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis. Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2014), [cited March 29, 2020]; 25(91): 1-28. doi:10.5455/ey.35410



Harvard Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis (2014) Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (91), 1-28. doi:10.5455/ey.35410



Turabian Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis. 2014. Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (91), 1-28. doi:10.5455/ey.35410



Chicago Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis. "Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25 (2014), 1-28. doi:10.5455/ey.35410



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis. "Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey." Ekonomik Yaklasim 25.91 (2014), 1-28. Print. doi:10.5455/ey.35410



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ajit Zacharias, Thomas Masterson, Emel Memis (2014) Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 25 (91), 1-28. doi:10.5455/ey.35410