ISSN 1300-1868
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring

İ. Semih AKÇOMAK.

Abstract
In this paper we discuss the labour market implications of globalisation, product fragmentation and outsourcing. We live in a world where goods, services, capital, labour and ideas are mobile -a fact that reinforces globalisation of production. Recent trends show that there is polarisation in employment and wages. First we look at the causes of these trends. Then we discuss several indicators to measure globalisation of production. We discuss the recent literature in detail differentiating among studies that use data at the person, firm, occupation and industry level. We conclude with a specific reference to labour market implicatons of globalisation of production in Turkey.

Key words: Outsourcing, offshoring, technology, labour market, globalisation of production. JEL Classification: F16, J24, O33.



İŞGÜCÜ PİYASASINDAKİ GÜNCEL DİNAMİKLER: TEKNOLOJİ, KÜRESELLEŞME VE İTHAL GİRDİ KULLANIMI

Özet
Bu makalede üretim parçalanması modeli ve ara malı ticaretine dayanan üretim örgütlenmesinin işgücü piyasalarına etkisi tartışılmıştır. Ürünlerin, sermayenin, emeğin ve fikirlerin serbestçe dolaşabildiği günümüz ekonomisi, üretimin küreselleşmesine ortam sağlamaktadır. Üretimin küreselleşmesi, işgücü piyasalarında dönüşüme neden olmaktadır. Uzmanlaşma artmakta, meslek tanımları hızla değişmekte ve ücret eşitsizliği hem gelişmiş hem de gelişmekte olan ülkelerde artmaktadır. Bu makalede, küreselleşme sonucu ortaya çıkan değişimleri daha iyi analiz edebilmek için gerekli olan araçlar kısaca özetlenmiştir. İlk olarak üretim örgütlenmesinin neden değişmekte olduğu üzerinde durulmuş, daha sonra bu değişimi ifade eden göstergeler irdelenmiştir. İthal girdi kullanımının işgücü piyasalarını hangi mekanizmalar vasıtasıyla etkilediği, konu üzerindeki araştırmaların bulguları vasıtasıyla tartışılmıştır. Bu tartışmada daha çok uygulamalı iktisat yazınından yararlanılmış ve sanayi, işletme, meslek ve kişi düzeyindeki araştırmaların bulguları incelenmiştir. Sonuç kısmı Türkiye üzerine kısa bir tartışma içermektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Küreselleşme, ithal girdi kullanımı, teknoloji, işgücü piyasası. JEL Sınıflaması: F16, J24, O33.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK. [Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(88): 65-100. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202


Web Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK. [Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=168224 [Access: April 21, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK. [Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(88): 65-100. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK. [Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2013), [cited April 21, 2018]; 24(88): 65-100. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202



Harvard Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK (2013) [Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 24 (88), 65-100. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202



Turabian Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK. 2013. [Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 24 (88), 65-100. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202



Chicago Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK. "[Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 24 (2013), 65-100. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK. "[Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 24.88 (2013), 65-100. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

I. Semih AKCOMAK (2013) [Recent Trends in the Labour Markets: Technology, Globalisation and Offshoring]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 24 (88), 65-100. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35202





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    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10174
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    Jülide Yıldırım Öcal, Nadir Öcal
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    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20039
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    English Title Not Available [Turkish Title:İKİZ AÇIKLAR HİPOTEZİ (TÜRKİYE UYGULAMASI)] [Turkish]
    Ahmet ZENGİN
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2000; 11(39): 37-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.10335
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

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    Alparslan AKÇORAOĞLU
    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(77): 101-114
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.20038
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    Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2014; 25(93): 39-63
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35516
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

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    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ey.35201
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]