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THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO

Emine TAHSN.

Abstract
The paper primarily aims to focus on inequality measurement on the basis of Gini coefficient following 2001 in case of Turkey. Although the Gini coefficient indicates some specific improvements in Turkey, there is a need to investigate in real terms the approaches to inequalities in the Turkish case. Drawing upon TurkStat, OECD and World Bank Development Indicators data related to Turkey, the Palma ratio (2011), the share of top 10 percent income to the bottom 40 percent income (D10/D1-D4) approach to inequality is applied to the balance sheet of Turkey in the last decade, after which, the relationship with related social and redistributive policies will be analysed. The paper strongly suggest that since the Palma ratio focuses on the top-, bottom- and middle-income groups, it will permit a deeper analysis of the inequalities and neoliberal policies of the last decade. Under these circumstances, following 2001 period, the political roots of the Justice and Development Party (JDP) and this particular phase of neoliberal policies in Turkey warrants further analysis, with a definition made of the relationship between the two. To this end, the paper begins with an analysis of the specific characteristics of the neoliberal era under the JDP, and then presents a brief summary of the redistributive and social policies that were enacted.

Key words: Income distribution and inequalities, poverty, development, social policies. Jel Classification: O10, O120, O150.



Trkiye'nin Gini llzyonu: Palma oran temelinde eitsizliklere yaklam

Özet
Bu alma ncelikle Gini katsaysn temel alarak Trkiye zelinde 2001 sonras dnemde eitsizliklerin lmne odaklanmay hedefliyor. Gini katsays verileri gelir dalmnda greli bir iyilemeyi ortaya koymasna ramen, gerek anlamda eitsizliklere yaklam daha derin analizleri gerekli klmaktadr. Makalede TUK ile Trkiye ile ilgili OECD, Dnya Bankas kalknma gstergeleri temel alnarak Palma oran(2011) olarak da tanmlanan, en st yzde 10 gelir grubunun gelirden ald payn en alttaki yzde 40 gelir grubunun gelirden ald paya oran(D10/D1-D4), hesaplanacaktr. Makale Palma orann gz nnde bulundurarak, en st, orta ve en alttaki gelir gruplarnn gelirden ald paya odaklanmann, eitsizlikleri ve de neoliberal poilitikalar daha derin analiz etmeyi olanakl kld zerinde durmaktadr. Bu koullar altnda, 2001 krizinin ardndan balayan dnemde iktidara gelen AKPnin siyasi temelleri ve neoliberal dnmn aamalar arasndaki balant ksaca tanmlanacaktr. Bundan dolay alma AKP dneminde neoliberal politikalarn zgn ynlerini dikkate alrken, uygulanan sosyal politikalar ile gelirin yeniden datm politikalarn analiz edecektir. Buna ek olarak Trkiyede sosyal politikalar ile gelirin yeniden blm politikalar arasndaki balant analiz edilmeye allacaktr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Eitsizlikler ve gelir dalm, iktisadi kalknma, yoksulluk, sosyal politikalar. Jel Snflandrmas: O10, O120, O150.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Emine TAHSIN. THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(89): 73-109. doi:10.5455/ey.35303


Web Style

Emine TAHSIN. THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=168230 [Access: January 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ey.35303


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Emine TAHSIN. THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2013; 24(89): 73-109. doi:10.5455/ey.35303



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Emine TAHSIN. THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2013), [cited January 21, 2018]; 24(89): 73-109. doi:10.5455/ey.35303



Harvard Style

Emine TAHSIN (2013) THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 24 (89), 73-109. doi:10.5455/ey.35303



Turabian Style

Emine TAHSIN. 2013. THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 24 (89), 73-109. doi:10.5455/ey.35303



Chicago Style

Emine TAHSIN. "THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO." Ekonomik Yaklasim 24 (2013), 73-109. doi:10.5455/ey.35303



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Emine TAHSIN. "THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO." Ekonomik Yaklasim 24.89 (2013), 73-109. Print. doi:10.5455/ey.35303



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Emine TAHSIN (2013) THE GINI ILLUSION OF TURKEY: AN APPROACH TO INEQUALITIES ON THE BASIS OF THE PALMA RATIO. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 24 (89), 73-109. doi:10.5455/ey.35303



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