Service by

Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope


Original Article Open Access


ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Halil Alpay znazik, Mslme Narin.

Abstract
Because energy sources are both one of the main inputs for every kind of production activity and facilitating elements of life for consumers, intensive studies are carried out on energy markets. Energy supply security meant cheap, continuous and sufficient energy supply in any condition is one of the privileged goals of energy policies of countries. The purpose of this paper is to make an assessment of Turkey, which is in the European Union membership process, with respect to energy supply security. In this context, when energy supply security is measured with regards to diversity of suppliers and resources, in papers written previously in world Shannon-Wiener Index which emphasizes effects of lower shares and Herfindahl-Hirschman Index which emphasizes effects of greater shares have been used. In this paper results of both indexes for fossil fuels that constitute so large parts of primary energy supplies in both European Union and Turkey are revealed and a comparison is made between points have been reached by them -that are facing with similar problems about energy supply security- in this respect. In conclusion part some policy recommendations are suggested for Turkey which is still behind the European Union with regards to energy supply security.

Key words: Energy resources, Energy supply security, Energy policies, Shannon-Wiener Index, Herfindahl-Hirschman Index. JEL Codes: Q40, Q42, Q48.



AVRUPA BRLݒNE YELK SRECNDEK TRKYEDE ENERJ ARZ GVENL: KARILATIRMALI BR ANALZ

Özet
Enerji kaynaklarnn hem her trl retim faaliyeti iin temel girdilerden olmas hem de tketiciler iin hayat kolaylatran unsurlar olmas nedeniyle enerji piyasalar zerine youn bir biimde almalar yrtlmektedir. Her koulda ucuz, kesintisiz ve yeterli enerji arz anlamna gelen enerji arz gvenlii ise lkelerin enerji politikalarnn ncelikli hedeflerinden biridir. Bu almann amac, Avrupa Birliine yelik srecinde olan Trkiyenin enerji arz gvenlii bakmndan bir deerlendirmesini yapmaktr. Bu balamda, enerji arz gvenlii tedariki ve kaynak eitlilii alarndan llrken dnyada daha nce yaplm olan almalarda daha dk paylarn etkilerine daha ok vurgu yapan Shannon-Wiener Endeksi ve daha byk paylarn etkilerine daha ok vurgu yapan Herfindahl-Hirschman Endeksi kullanlmtr. Bu almada hem Avrupa Birliinde hem de Trkiyede birincil enerji arznn ok byk bir blmn oluturan fosil yaktlar iin her iki endeks sonular da ortaya konmu ve -enerji arz gvenlii konusunda benzer sorunlarla kar karya olan- Avrupa Birlii ve Trkiyenin bu bakmdan ulatklar noktalar arasnda bir karlatrma yaplmtr. Sonu blmnde ise enerji arz gvenlii asndan halen Avrupa Birliinin gerisinde olan Trkiye iin birtakm politika nerileri sunulmutur.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Enerji kaynaklar, Enerji arz gvenlii, Enerji politikalar, Shannon-Wiener Endeksi, Herfindahl-Hirschman Endeksi. JEL Kodlar: Q40, Q42, Q48


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Halil Alpay znazik
Articles by Mslme Narin
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1514
Downloaded: 195
Cited: 0


REFERENCES
Akdemir, E. (2012). Avrupa B�t�nle�mesinin Tarih�esi [History of European Integration]. Belgin Ak�ay ve �lke G��men (Ed.), Avrupa Birli�i: Tarih�e, Teoriler, Kurumlar ve Politikalar i�inde (ss. 35- 66). Ankara: Se�kin Yay�nc�l�k.
Avrupa Komisyonu (2014). Commission Staff Working Document: In-depth study of European Energy Security.
Avrupa Komisyonu (2005). T�rkiye 2005 Y�l� �lerleme Raporu.
Avrupa Komisyonu (2006). T�rkiye 2006 Y�l� �lerleme Raporu.
Avrupa Komisyonu (2010). T�rkiye 2010 Y�l� �lerleme Raporu.
Avrupa Komisyonu (2011). T�rkiye 2011 Y�l� �lerleme Raporu.
Avrupa Komisyonu (2012). T�rkiye 2012 Y�l� �lerleme Raporu.
Avrupa Komisyonu (2013). T�rkiye 2013 Y�l� �lerleme Raporu.
Avrupa Komisyonu (2014). T�rkiye 2014 Y�l� �lerleme Raporu.
Bilim ve Teknoloji Y�ksek Kurulu 26. Toplant�s� (2013). Yeni Kararlar. http://www.tubitak.gov.tr/sites/default/files/btyk_26_yeni_kararlar.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 15.09.2015)
BP (2013). Statistical Review of World Energy: Full Report 2012.
BP (2015). Statistical Review of World Energy: Full Report 2014.
Canbolat, �. S., (2002). Uluslar�st� Sistem Avrupa Birli�i. �stanbul: Alfa Bas�n Yay�m.
Cohen, G., Joutz, F. & Loungani, P. (2011). Measuring Energy Security: Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies. IMF Working Paper, WP/11/39. [DOI via Crossref]   
�elikpala, M. (2013). Enerji Politikas� [Energy Policy]. Belgin Ak�ay ve Sinem Akg�l Sar�me�e (Ed.), Yar�m Asr�n Ard�ndan T�rkiye - Avrupa Birli�i �li�kileri i�inde (ss. 385-406). Ankara: Turhan.
Duman, V. (2011). Fuku�ima N�kleer Santral Kazas�: Kaza Hikayesi, Gelinen Son Durum �zeti ve Kazan�n Etkileri [Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident: Story of Accident, Summary of the Final Situation and the Effects of Accident]. TMMOB, Fizik M�hendisleri Odas�. http://www.fmo.org.tr/wp-content/belgeler/fukushimaraporu.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 15.09.2015)
Frondel, M., & Schmidt, C. M. (2008). Measuring Energy Security: A Conceptual Note. Ruhr Economic Papers, 52, http://www.rwi-essen.de/media/content/pages/publikationen/ruhr-economicpapers/REP_08_052.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 03.07.2015) [DOI via Crossref]   
http://aei.pitt.edu/1184/1/enegy_supply_security_gp_COM_2000_769.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://aei.pitt.edu/1185/1/energy_gp_COM_94_659.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://aei.pitt.edu/5190/1/5190.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 03.07.2015)
http://avrupa.info.tr/tr/bilgi-kaynaklari/haber-arsivi/news-single-view/article/ab-ve-tuerkiye-arasindaenerji-alaninda-isbirliginin-gueclendirilmesi-br-ab-komisyon-ueye.html (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tsdcc310&plugin=1 (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52006DC0105&from=EN (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:0639:FIN:En:PDF (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2007:306:FULL:EN:PDF (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://europa.eu/documentation/official-docs/white-papers/pdf/energy_white_paper_com_95_682.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://www.ab.gov.tr/files/ardb/evt/1_avrupa_birligi/1_3_antlasmalar/1_3_1_kurucu_antlasmalar/1951 _treaty_establishing_ceca.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://www.ab.gov.tr/files/ardb/evt/1_avrupa_birligi/1_3_antlasmalar/1_3_1_kurucu_antlasmalar/1957 _treaty_establishing_eec.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://www.ab.gov.tr/files/ardb/evt/1_avrupa_birligi/1_3_antlasmalar/1_3_1_kurucu_antlasmalar/1957 _treaty_establishing_euratom.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 05.09.2015)
http://www.ab.gov.tr/files/KAPB/web_tr_yatay_tablo_05_11_2013.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www.akkunpp.com/projenin-tarihcesi (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www.dektmk.org.tr/upresimler/GUNES.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 15.09.2015)
http://www.eia.gov/cfapps/ipdbproject/iedindex3.cfm?tid=44&pid=44&aid=1&cid=CG1,&syid=1980 &eyid=2012&unit=QBTU (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www.encharter.org/fileadmin/user_upload/document/EN.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www.enerji.gov.tr/tr-TR/Sayfalar/Dogal-Gaz (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkiye_nin-enerji-stratejisi.tr.mfa (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www.milliyet.com.tr/buyuk-elektrik-kesintisi-gundem-2036738/ (Eri�im Tarihi: 15.09.2015)
http://www.tap-ag.com/project-opportunities/for-host-countries (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www.teias.gov.tr/T%C3%BCrkiyeElektrik%C4%B0statistikleri/istatistik2014/istatistik2014.htm (Eri�im Tarihi: 15.09.2015)
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/worldnews/8461299/Chernobyl-power-plant-inpictures-25-years-since-the-worlds-worst-nuclear-accident.html?image=18 (Eri�im Tarihi: 15.09.2015)
http://www.tpao.gov.tr/tp5/?tp=m&id=84 (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www3.epdk.org.tr/index.php/dogalgaz-piyasasi/yayinlar-raporlar/12-icerik/dogalgaz-icerik/52- dogal-gaz-piyasasi-yayinlari-uid-102 (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015)
http://www3.epdk.org.tr/index.php/petrol-piyasas/yayinlar-raporlar?id=860 (Eri�im Tarihi: 10.09.2015) IEA (2012). IEA Statistics: Coal Information 2012.
Jansen, J. C., & van Arkel, W. G. & Boots, M. G. (2004). Designing Indicators of Long-Term Energy Supply Security. http://www.ecn.nl/docs/library/report/2004/c04007.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 01.07.2015)
Karluk, R. (9. Bask�). (2007). Avrupa Birli�i ve T�rkiye. �stanbul: Beta Bas�n Yay�m.
Le Coq, C., & Paltseva, E. (2009). Measuring the Security of External Energy Supply in the European Union. http://www.snee.org/filer/papers/539.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 01.07.2015)
L�schel, A., Moslener, U., & R�bbelke, D. T. G. (2010). Indicators of Energy Security in Industrialised Countires. Energy Policy, 38(4), 1665-1671. [DOI via Crossref]   
Narin, M. (2012). K�resel Kriz S�recinde T�rkiye�nin Enerji Koridoru Olma Konumu: G�ney Do�al Gaz Koridoru [Turkey�s Location of Being Energy Corridor in the Process of Global Crisis: Southern Natural Gas Corridor]. T�rkiye Ekonomi Kurumu Tart��ma Metni 2012/96.
Stirling, A. (1994). Diversity and Ignorance in Electricity Supply Investment: Addressing the Solution Rather Than the Problem. Energy Policy, 22(3), 195-216. [DOI via Crossref]   
Stirling, A. (1999). On the Economics and Analysis of Diversity. Electronic Working Paper Series, 28, http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Units/spru/publications/imprint/sewps/sewp28/sewp28.pdf (Eri�im Tarihi: 03.07.2015)
�ύri, M., Huld, T. A., Dunlop,E. D. & Ossenbrick, H. A. (2007). Potential of Solar Electricity Generation in the European Union Member States and Candidate Countries, Solar Energy, 81, 1295-1305.
Templet, P. H. (1999). Energy, Diversity and Development in Economic Systems; An Empirical Analysis. Ecological Economics, 30, 223-233. [DOI via Crossref]   
TK� (2014). K�m�r Sekt�r Raporu (Linyit) 2013.
UNDP (2000). World Energy Assessment.
Winzer, C. (2013). Measuring Energy Security. Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1305. [DOI via Crossref]   
www.teias.gov.tr/yukdagitim/kuruluguc.xls (Eri�im Tarihi: 15.09.2015)
Y�ld�z, F. (2013). Avrupa Enerji Politikalar� ve Enerji Arz G�venli�i Aray��lar� [European Union Energy Policies and The Quests of Energy Supply Security]. �nsan & Toplum, 3(5), 159-181.
Yorkan, A. (2009). Avrupa Birli�i�nin Enerji Politikas� ve T�rkiye�ye Etkileri [Energy Policy of the European Union and its Effects on Turkey]. Bilge Strateji, 1(1), 24-38.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Oznazik HA, Narin M. [ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2016; 27(101): 257-294. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945


Web Style

Oznazik HA, Narin M. [ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=227325 [Access: December 17, 2017]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Oznazik HA, Narin M. [ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2016; 27(101): 257-294. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Oznazik HA, Narin M. [ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2016), [cited December 17, 2017]; 27(101): 257-294. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945



Harvard Style

Oznazik, H. A. & Narin, M. (2016) [ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (101), 257-294. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945



Turabian Style

Oznazik, Halil Alpay, and Muslume Narin. 2016. [ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (101), 257-294. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945



Chicago Style

Oznazik, Halil Alpay, and Muslume Narin. "[ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 27 (2016), 257-294. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Oznazik, Halil Alpay, and Muslume Narin. "[ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 27.101 (2016), 257-294. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Oznazik, H. A. & Narin, M. (2016) [ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY IN TURKEY IN THE PROCESS OF EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERSHIP: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (101), 257-294. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.35945



AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed In



The articles in Ekonomik Yaklasim are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.