ISSN 1300-1868
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE

Şule ŞAHİN, Helga RITTERSBERGER-TILIÇ, Adem Yavuz ELVEREN.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
The changing role of women both within family and in the labour market is one of the most crucial issues of constructing a new social policy in our century. In line with neo-liberal developments, private pension schemes have reached higher proportions in social security systems all over the world. However, it is a fact that disadvantages of women (i.e. lower level of wage, intermittent work life, and higher life expectancy) have negative consequences on private pension schemes in terms of retirement income compared with traditional pay-as-you-go systems. Turkey, in line with the current trend, introduced a privately managed individual pension scheme, the Individual Pension System in 2003. This study (conducted in 2008 - 2009), using the actual data of 102,724 participants (sampled from a total of 1,457,704) provided by the Pension Monitoring Center, examines the effects of social variables (i.e. age, occupation, province, marital status, income, social security and education) on regular contributions of individuals to the system and analyzes the gender gap by using the generalized linear model.

Key words: Individual Pension Plan, Social Policy, Gender, Turkey. JEL Classification: G23, J16



Türkiye’de Bireysel Emeklilik Sistemi: Toplumsal Cinsiyetçi Bir Yaklaşım

Ozet
Kadınların hem aile içinde hem de emek piyasasında değişen rolleri bu yüzyılda yeni bir sosyal politika oluşturmanın en önemli konulardan biridir. Neoliberal gelişmelerle birlikte özel emeklilik planları tüm dünyada sosyal güvenlik sistemleri içinde daha yüksek bir paya ulaştı. Ancak, kadınların dezavantajları (daha düşük ücret düzeyi, kesikli iş yaşamı ve daha uzun yaşam beklentisi vb.) geleneksel dağıtım sistemleri ile karşılaştırıldığında emeklilik geliri anlamında özel emeklilik sistemlerinde olumsuz sonuçlar doğurur. Türkiye bu mevcut trendle birlikte 2003 yılında özel sektör tarafından yönetilen emeklilik planı Bireysel Emeklilik Sistemini oluşturdu. Emeklilik Gözetim Merkezi’nin sağladığı toplam 1,457,704 kişiden örneklem olarak alınan 102,896 katılımcıya ait verileri kullanan ve 2008 - 2009 döneminde gerçekleştirilen bu çalışma genelleştirilmiş lineer model kullanarak sosyal değişkenlerin (örneğin yaş, meslek, şehir, medeni durum, gelir, sosyal güvenlik kurumu ve eğitim gibi) bireylerin sisteme yaptıkları düzenli katkı payları üzerindeki etkilerini ve toplumsal cinsiyet eşitsizliğini incelemektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Bireysel Emeklilik Planları, Sosyal Politika, Toplumsal Cinsiyet, Türkiye. JEL Sınıflaması: G23, J16


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

SAHIN S, RITTERSBERGER-TILIC H, ELVEREN AY. THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(77): 115-142. doi:10.5455/ey.20039


Web Style

SAHIN S, RITTERSBERGER-TILIC H, ELVEREN AY. THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE. http://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=151003 [Access: August 15, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ey.20039


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

SAHIN S, RITTERSBERGER-TILIC H, ELVEREN AY. THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(77): 115-142. doi:10.5455/ey.20039



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

SAHIN S, RITTERSBERGER-TILIC H, ELVEREN AY. THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2010), [cited August 15, 2018]; 21(77): 115-142. doi:10.5455/ey.20039



Harvard Style

SAHIN, S., RITTERSBERGER-TILIC, H. & ELVEREN, A. Y. (2010) THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 21 (77), 115-142. doi:10.5455/ey.20039



Turabian Style

SAHIN, Sule, Helga RITTERSBERGER-TILIC, and Adem Yavuz ELVEREN. 2010. THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 21 (77), 115-142. doi:10.5455/ey.20039



Chicago Style

SAHIN, Sule, Helga RITTERSBERGER-TILIC, and Adem Yavuz ELVEREN. "THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE." Ekonomik Yaklasim 21 (2010), 115-142. doi:10.5455/ey.20039



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

SAHIN, Sule, Helga RITTERSBERGER-TILIC, and Adem Yavuz ELVEREN. "THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE." Ekonomik Yaklasim 21.77 (2010), 115-142. Print. doi:10.5455/ey.20039



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

SAHIN, S., RITTERSBERGER-TILIC, H. & ELVEREN, A. Y. (2010) THE INDIVIDUAL PENSION SYSTEM IN TURKEY: A GENDERED PERSPECTIVE. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 21 (77), 115-142. doi:10.5455/ey.20039





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