ISSN 1300-1868

Original Research (Original Article) 

The New Trade Theories


Cited by (1)

Contrary to the presumptions of conventional trade theory greatest part of the world trade consists of trade flows between developed countries and high proportion of trade flows is intra- industry rather than inter-industry as suggested by conventional trade theory under imperfect competition and scale economies has grown rapidly since the Iate 1970s. The aim of this study, therefore, to survey the central themes of recent international trade literature under imperfect competition and scale economies. However, this study aims to survey only some central themes of literature rather than being comprehensive. In the first part of the study, having briefly examined the preliminary studies emphasizing the importance of scale economies in international trade theory, early studies of new trade theories literature are analyzed. The main concern in the second part is the analysis of monopolistic competition trade theories within the context of reasons for trade, composition and volume of trade as well as the welfare impacts of trade In the third chapter, oligopolistic trade theories are discussed. Although the main emphasis of this study on the positive aspects of new trade theories, normative implications of the new trade theories are also highly important since it causes a theoretical debate due to its protectionist policy recommendations. For this purpose, policy implications of oligopolistic trade theories which is known as strategic trade policies are also examined in the study.

Key words: NA



Anahtar Kelimeler: YOK

PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 5472
Downloaded: 1838
Cited: 1

Balassa, B (1966), "Tariff Reductions and Trade in Manufactures", American Economic Review, 56.466-473.
__ (1967), Trade Liberalization Among Industrial Countries: Objectives and Alternatives, Mc Graw Hill, New York.
Brander, J.A. (1981), "Intra-industry Trade in Identical Commodities", Journal of International Economics, ll, 1-14. [DOI via Crossref]   
__ ve Krugman P.R (1983), "A Reciprocal Duruping Model of International Trade", Journal of International Economics, 15, 313-323. [DOI via Crossref]   
__ ve Spencer B.J. (1981), ''Tariff and the Extraction ofMonopoly Rent under Potential
Entry", Canadian Journal ofEconomics, 14,371-389.
__ ve Spencer(l985), "Export Subsidies and International Market Share Rivalry", Journal of International Economics, 18, 83-100.
Dixit, A.K ve Grossman G.M (1986), "Targeted Export Promotion with Several Oligopolistic lndustries", Journal of International Economics, 21, 23-49.
__ ve N orman, V.D (1980), Theory of International Trade, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
__ ve Stiglitz, J.E (1977), "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity", American Economic Review, 67, 297-308
Eaton, J. ve Grossman, G.M. (1986), "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy under Oligopoly", Quarterly Journal of Economic, 101, 383-406. [DOI via Crossref]   
Emerson, M. (1988), The Economics of 1992, Oxford University Press.
Ethier, W.J. (1982), "National and International Returns to Scale in the Modern Theoý·y of International Trade", American Economic Review, 72, 950-959.
Grossman, G. M (der.) (1993) lmperfect Competition and International Trade, MIT Press, Cambridge.
Grubel, H.G. (1981), International Economics, Richard D. lrwin.
__ ve Lloyd, P.J. (1975), Intra-industry Trade: The Theory and Measurement of International Trade in Dijferentiated Products, New York, John Wiley.
Helpman, J.(1 981), "International Trade in the Presence of Product Differentiation, Economies of Scale, Monopolistic Competition: Chamberlin-Heckscher Ohlin Approach", Journal of International Economics, II, 305-340.
__ (1984)", Increasing Returns, lmperfect Markets and Trade Theory," R.W Jones ve P.B Kenen (der.) Handbook of Internationala Economics, Amsterdam, North Holland.
__ (1985), "Multinational Corporations and Trade Structures," Review of Economic Studies, 52, 443-458.
__ ve Krugman, P.R. (1985), Market Structure and Foreign Trade, MIT Press, Cambridge.
__ (1989), Trade Policy and Market Structure, MIT Press, Cambridge. Krugman, P.R (1977), "Is Free Trade Passe", P. King, International Economy and International Economic Policy, içinde.
__ (1979),"1ncreasing Returns, Monopolistic Competition and International Trade", Journal of Internatioual Economics, 9, 469-479 [DOI via Crossref]   
__ (1981), "Intraindustry Specialization and Gains from Trade", Journal of Political Economy, 87, 959-973.
__ (1990), Rethinking Irrternational Trade, MIT Perss, Cambridge.
__ (1990a), "Industrial Organization and International Trade", Rethinking International Trade, içinde 226-268.
__ (1990b), "Increasing Returns and the Theory of International Trade", Rethinking International ,içinde, 63-89.
Horstman I.J. ve Markusen J.R. (1986), "Up the Average Cost Curve: Inefficient Entry and the New Protectionism", Journal of International Economics, 20,225-247. [DOI via Crossref]   
Haufbauer, C.G ve Scott, J.J. (1992), North American Free Trade, Institutions for International Economics.
Lancaster, K.J. (1975), "Socially Optimal Product Differentiation", American Economic Review, 65, 567-585.
__ (1979), Variety, Equity and Efficiency, Columbia University Press, New York.
__ (1980), "Intra-industry Trade under Perfect Monopolistic Competition", Journal of International Economics, 10,151-175. [DOI via Crossref]   
Markusen J.R ve Venables, A.J. (1988), "Trade Policy with Increasing Returns and Imperfect Competition: Contradictory Results with Competing Assumptions", Journal 'ot international Economics, 24, 299-316. [DOI via Crossref]   
Pelkman, J. (1984), Market Integration in the European Community, The Hague, Boston.
Richarson, J.D (1989), Empirical Estimates of Gains From Trade Liberalization under lmpeifect Competition: A Survey ,OECD Economic Studies. Vol. 12, 7-51.
Spence, M.A. (1976), "Product Selection, Fixed Costs, and Monopolistic Competition", Review of Economic Studies, 43, 217-236. [DOI via Crossref]   
Venables, A.J. (1985), "Trade and Trade Policy with Imperfect Competition: The Case ofldentical Product and Free Entry", Journal of International Economics, 29, 23-42. [DOI via Crossref]   
__ (1990), "International Capacity Choice and National Market Games", Journal of International Economics, 29, 23-42. [DOI via Crossref]   
__ ve Baldwin, R.E. (1995), Regional Economic lntegration, Basýlmamýþ Çalýþma.

This Article Cited By the following articles

2020; (): 109.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU. [The New Trade Theories]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1996; 7(21): 71-99. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230

Web Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU. [The New Trade Theories]. [Access: March 29, 2020]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU. [The New Trade Theories]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 1996; 7(21): 71-99. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU. [The New Trade Theories]. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (1996), [cited March 29, 2020]; 7(21): 71-99. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230

Harvard Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU (1996) [The New Trade Theories]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 7 (21), 71-99. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230

Turabian Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU. 1996. [The New Trade Theories]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 7 (21), 71-99. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230

Chicago Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU. "[The New Trade Theories]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 7 (1996), 71-99. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230

MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU. "[The New Trade Theories]." Ekonomik Yaklasim 7.21 (1996), 71-99. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arzu S. AKKOYUNLU (1996) [The New Trade Theories]. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 7 (21), 71-99. Turkish. doi:10.5455/ey.10230