E-ISSN 2791-9439 | ISSN 1300-1868
 

Original Article 


Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry

Selcen Öztürk, Dilek Kılıç.

Abstract
The link between productivity and agglomeration is important to answer the question ‘Do firms benefit from agglomeration?’ This study aims to investigate such link using proper proxies and econometric methods. This study employs the Ellison and Glaeser index and Total Factor Productivity to represent agglomeration economies and productivity levels in Turkish manufacturing industries, using 1980-2001 panel data. TFP is measured using SFA and then regressed along agglomeration and other control variables using a dynamic system GMM estimation method. This estimation method allows to account for the dynamic nature of TFP and also the possible endogeneitiy between productivity and agglomeration. The results indicate that Turkish manufacturing industries stand as an example to negative externalities.

Key words: Regional Economics, Agglomeration, Productivity, Turkish manufacturing industry, GMM. JEL classifications: R12, D24, C23.



Firmalar Kümelenmeden Yararlanıyor Mu? Türk İmalat Sanayisi İçin Bir Verimlilik Analizi

Ozet
Verimlilik ve kümelenme arasındaki ilişki 'Firmalar Kümelenmeden Yararlanıyor mu?' sorusunu cevaplayabilmek için önemlidir. Bu çalışma söz konusu ilişkiyi uygun vekil değişkenler ve ekonometrik yöntemler aracılığıyla incelemektedir. Bu çalışmada kümelenmeyi temsil etmesi açısından Ellison ve Glaeser endeksi ve verimliliği temsil etmesi açısından Toplam Faktör Verimliliği kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada Türk imalat sanayisi için 1980-2001 yıllarına ilişki panel veri setinden yararlanılmıştır. Toplam Faktör Verimliliğinin ölçülmesinde tercih edilen yöntem Stokastik Üretim Sınırı yöntemidir. Daha sonra Toplam Faktör Verimliliği bağımlı değişken olarak kullanılmış ve kümelenme ve diğer kontrol değişkenleri sisteme dahil edilerek dinamik sistem GMM yöntemi ile tahmin edilmiştir. Bu yolla Toplam Faktör Verimliliğinin dinamik yapısı ve Toplam Faktör Verimliliği ve Kümelenme arasındaki potansiyel endojen ilişki dikkate alınmaktadır. Sonuçlar, Türk imalar sanayisinin negatif dışsallık literatürüne bir örnek teşkil ettiğini göstermektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Bölgesel İktisat, Kümelenme, Verimlilik, Türk İmalat Sanayisi, GMM. JEL Kodları: R12, D24, C23.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc. Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2016; 27(98): 115-140. doi:10.5455/ey.35907


Web Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc. Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry. https://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=177609 [Access: April 10, 2023]. doi:10.5455/ey.35907


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc. Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2016; 27(98): 115-140. doi:10.5455/ey.35907



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc. Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2016), [cited April 10, 2023]; 27(98): 115-140. doi:10.5455/ey.35907



Harvard Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc (2016) Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (98), 115-140. doi:10.5455/ey.35907



Turabian Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc. 2016. Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (98), 115-140. doi:10.5455/ey.35907



Chicago Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc. "Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry." Ekonomik Yaklasim 27 (2016), 115-140. doi:10.5455/ey.35907



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc. "Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry." Ekonomik Yaklasim 27.98 (2016), 115-140. Print. doi:10.5455/ey.35907



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Selcen Ozturk, Dilek Kılıc (2016) Do Firms Benefit From Agglomeration? A Productivity Analysis For Turkish Manufacturing Industry. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (98), 115-140. doi:10.5455/ey.35907





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