E-ISSN 2791-9439 | ISSN 1300-1868
 

Original Article 


THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu.

Abstract
The aim of this study is to investigate if civilian unemployment has an effect on reenlistment decision of recruits of Turkish Armed Forces in a seemingly unrelated bivariate probit framework. Empirical analysis indicates that former civilian unemployment significantly increases the likelihood of reenlistment. In addition to the socio-economic factors, family characteristics, sibling composition and birth order play an important role in career decision-making process of recruits. Furthermore, conscripts intending to join the Armed Forces appear to be occupationally oriented rather than institutionally oriented. As the residuals of reenlistment and unemployment equations are correlated, previous single equation models might be misspecified. Findings highlight the importance of civilian employment status, family characteristics, and education level of the conscripts in the determination of reenlistment decision. Moreover, empirical analysis should account for the interdependencies in the decision making process of individuals, since taking the correlation in the error structures of the equations impacts the parameters estimates.

Key words: Reenlistment, unemployment, occupational orientation, institutional orientation, Turkish Armed Forces. JEL Classification: J22, J23, J24.



İşsizliğin Türk Silahlı Kuvvetlerinde Kalma Kararı Üzerinde Etkisi

Ozet
Bu çalışmanın amacı, sivillerdeki işsizliğin erlerin Türk Silahlı Kuvvetlerinde kalıp kalmama kararı üzerindeki etkisini, görünürde ilişkisiz iki değişkenli probit modeli ile ölçmektir. Uygulamalı çalışmalar göstermektedir ki, işsizlik oranı askeriyede kalma olasılığını artırmaktadır. Sosyo-ekonomik faktörlere ek olarak, aile özellikleri, kardeş yapısı ve doğum sırası gibi değişkenler kariyer kararı üzerinde önemli rol oynamaktadır. Askeriyede kalma ve işsizlik denklemlerinin kalıntı değerleri birbirleriyle ilişkili olduğundan daha önce kullanılan tek denklemli modeller hatalı sonuçlar verebilmektedir. Sonuçlar sivil hayattaki işsizlik durumunun, ailevi özelliklerin ve eğitim düzeyinin, erlerin askeriyede kalıp kalmama kararı vermesindeki öneminin altını çizmektedir. Ayrıca, uygulamalı analizler bireylerin karar verme sürecindeki bağımlılıklarını gözönünde bulundurarak, modellerdeki hata terimleri arasındaki ilişkilerin tahminleri nasıl etkilediğini göz önüne almalıdır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: İşsizlik, Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, Askeriyede gönüllü kalma. JEL Sınıflaması: J22, J23, J24.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu. THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2016; 27(98): 87-114. doi:10.5455/ey.35904


Web Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu. THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES. https://www.ekonomikyaklasim.org/?mno=197440 [Access: April 11, 2023]. doi:10.5455/ey.35904


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu. THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES. Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2016; 27(98): 87-114. doi:10.5455/ey.35904



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu. THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES. Ekonomik Yaklasim. (2016), [cited April 11, 2023]; 27(98): 87-114. doi:10.5455/ey.35904



Harvard Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu (2016) THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (98), 87-114. doi:10.5455/ey.35904



Turabian Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu. 2016. THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (98), 87-114. doi:10.5455/ey.35904



Chicago Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu. "THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES." Ekonomik Yaklasim 27 (2016), 87-114. doi:10.5455/ey.35904



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu. "THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES." Ekonomik Yaklasim 27.98 (2016), 87-114. Print. doi:10.5455/ey.35904



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Julide Yıldırım, Nebile Korucu, Semsettin Karasu (2016) THE EFFECT OF CIVILIAN UNEMPLOYMENT ON REENLISTMENT DECISION IN TURKISH ARMED FORCES. Ekonomik Yaklasim, 27 (98), 87-114. doi:10.5455/ey.35904





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